DEVELOPMENT OF AUXILIARY TEXTILE PRODUCTS FOR CARE OF PATIENTS

Н. П. Супрун, І. О. Іванов, Ю. О. Ващенко

Abstract


Improvement of design and enhancement of ergonomic properties of textile auxiliary textile products for the care of patients with disabilities. Method. Analytical literature review of the peculiarities of the requirements for auxiliary textile products for the movement and fi xation of patients. The operational properties of the materials were determined by standardized methods. The technique of estimation of elasticity of needle-punched
nonwoven web structures is off ered. Results. The analysis of peculiarities of the use of sliding sheets for the movement of motionless patients showed that they can signifi cantly reduce the eff orts made by medical staff  in carrying out th is procedure. It is established that one of the decisive criteria for the reasoned choice of textile materials on sliding sheets is to evaluate the smoothness of their surface, which is numerically refl ected in the
values of the coeffi cient of friction. Existing methods of estimation of coeffi cient of friction of text ile cloths are analyzed. The properties of the new assortment of domestic fabrics for technical purposes were evaluated and their suitability for the manufacture of sliding sheets and other textile elements of auxiliary medical products was determined. On the basis of comparative data of estimation of elasticity of needle-punched non-woven web structures, which include hemp or linen fi bers, their choice as fi llers for depreciation volume pads in the developed products is made. On the base of established requirements for textile products for moving of patients the reasonable choice of materials for their production was carried out. Practical importance. Design of sliding sheets, textile locking straps and belt for moving stationary patients was improved and materials of domestic production for their manufactory were chosen. Manufactured product samples were submitted for trial operation.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.30857/2706-5898.2020.1.3

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