HIGHER EDUCATION IN UKRAINE: REALITY AND PERSPECTIVES
Keywords:higher education, applicants for higher education, employment
Background and objectives. Sustainable development of the country requires the establishment of a close dialogue between the three subjects of higher education – the university, business and the state. The need to strengthen cooperation is due to the discrepancy between the real state of development of the economy and education sector, the inconsistency of staff quality with modern labor market needs, lack of innovation and research component of universities, which negatively affects the state of the national economy and reflected in various international rankings. To solve this problem it is necessary to study the state of higher education in Ukraine and prospects for its development.
Methods. The graphical method is used to study the dynamics of higher education, logical – to build a system for monitoring the employment of higher education.
Findings. An effective model of cooperation in Ukraine should include several areas of activity. The state must ensure the financial independence of universities through government; to promote the creation of the appropriate material and technical base of the university; to create conditions under which business will be interested in cooperation with educational institutions as bases of practice and for the purpose of carrying out joint with university research works in priority spheres.
Conclusion. Business structures should provide information on the needs of the market in qualified personnel and on promising areas of activity. Universities must provide quality curricula, readiness to establish technology parks, innovative firms on the basis of universities in order to conduct research.