METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO ADAPTATION OF ATO PARTICIPANTS AND IDPs WITHIN THE SYSTEM OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Ірина Миколаївна Гончаренко

Abstract


Successful social adaptation of ATO participants and internally displaced persons (IDPs) contributes to enhancing the economy, developing social relations, culture and political stability along with reducing social tension, smoothing the depopulation effects in the host communities, etc. The concentration of refugees and IDPs varies across the regions of Ukraine, however, the problem of their social adaptation is relevant to all regions of the country and the entire Ukrainian society. Social adaptation of ATO participants and IDPs is defined as the establishment of optimal relationships with social institutions, authorities and groups in the territory of their residence; reinforcement of the trend towards partnerships with other groups based on the alignment of indicators of their social and economic status; normalization of moral and psychological well-being of IDPs based on the feelings of belongingness to local community; awareness and acceptance of shared values, beliefs and norms. The research hypothesis relies on the total array of scientific statements, mechanisms and institutes of economic and social adaptation of ATO participants and internally displaced persons (IDPs) that allows exploring the factors of their capacity to business reintegration. It is proved that the quality of integration of ATO participants and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in host communities is associated with overcoming serious problems and challenges, some of them have not been resolved so far even in relatively wealthy democracies. Apparently, the major barrier is the lack of resources, if the government fails to provide necessary funding from the state budget or find additional assets from the international community, the integration of ATO participant and internally displaced persons (IDPs) will hardly move on at a desired pace. It is specified that integration and adaptation are complex processes and do not suggest quick standard scenarios. Not all the proposed measures and actions provide for cost increase; however, a number of qualitative improvements are needed.


Keywords


adaptation; participants of ATO; internally displaced persons (IDPs); entrepreneurship system; adaptive infrastructure; host communities



DOI: https://doi.org/10.30857/2413-0117.2018.4.2

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