ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AS A DRIVER FOR AN INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISE ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFEY FRAMEWORK

Олександр Григорович Зима, Олена Анатоліївна Небилиця, Дарина Євгенівна Архипова, Дар’я Едуардівна Брусніцина

Abstract


The paper explores the structure of environmental management, directions in implementing green polices and specific types of environmental activities at the enterprise. Within a range of actions to enhance environmental and energy saving activities, the implementation and targeted use of the economic mechanism to affect production is paramount, since it creates favourable environment and encourages employees immediate motivation to ensure the rational utilization, protection and reproduction of natural resources. This mechanism is based on managerial economic methods, the essence of which is managing interests and managing through interests. Managerial economic methods include planning, business accounting and economic incentives. These methods affect production through the application of such economic tools as pricing, funding, lending policies, economic sanctions and incentives, long-term economic standards, etc. The specifics of implementing an enterprise environmental management system in line with Ukrainian and international standards has been explored along with disclosing all its pros and cons. The environmental management framework is part of the overall business management system which includes organizational structure, planning, division of responsibilities, applied methods, procedures, processes and resources needed for the development, implementation, analysis and building of environmental policy. Taking a decision in favour of such a system, managers make use of its financial advantages (resources and assets saving, enhancing production efficiency, developing potential markets) and as well as assume risks associated with inappropriate attitude towards company environmental policies, which this system will fundamentally change (accidents, regulatory sanctions, difficulties in attracting new investors including foreign ones, barriers in obtaining bank loans by consumers, etc.).


Keywords


enterprise environmental management; environmental safety; environmental protection; ISO 14000 standard; socially responsible economy



DOI: https://doi.org/10.30857/2413-0117.2018.4.7

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