EVALUATING INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
Keywords:innovative development, transport infrastructure, innovation activity, innovation capacity, innovation efficiency
The article seeks to develop a model for evaluating the innovative development of the national transport infrastructure in the context of globalization. In order to evaluate the innovative development of the transport infrastructure of Ukraine, the innovation activity of the transport sector of the economy is analyzed. It is argued that innovation activity is a quantitative and qualitative characteristic of innovation performance that refers to the degree of innovation capacity realization. To assess the level of innovative development of transport infrastructure, a three-component system has been suggested which includes the following groups of indicators: indicators of innovation activity, indicators of innovation capacity and innovation efficiency indicators. Innovation activity is proposed to be considered as a characteristic of the dynamism of innovative activity of transport infrastructure objects which is assessed by the speed and scale of generating innovations, their market promotion and implementation in the activities of transport enterprises. Innovation capacity is associated with the perspectivism of innovative activity of transport infrastructure objects and is evaluated by potential opportunities that shape the innovative development prospects and trends, as well as strategic guidelines for the transport companies. Innovative efficiency is an indicator of innovation feasibility with regard to the two-way effects of economic, social, environmental and information factors on the level of innovative development of transport infrastructure. The key advantage of the proposed model for assessing the level of innovative development of transport infrastructure is the ability to take into account the principles of dynamism, perspectivism and expediency which contributes to provide comprehensive evaluation of the basic processes of innovative development.