PECULIARITIES OF REFORMING THE ENERGY RESOURCES MARKET OF UKRAINE

Ivan V. Solonenchuk

Abstract


Introduction. Ukraine is characterized by a certain energy dependence, as in most European countries, but its excessive dependence on external monopoly sources of fuel and energy resources has been and is one of the major threats to both energy security and national security in general. The main means to counteract these threats is to diversify not only the sources and routes of transportation of energy resources, but also energy technologies, the system of production and consumption of energy resources.

Hypothesis: introduction of the model of configuration regulation / reform of the energy market will allow to move to a climate-neutral development of Ukraine by 2050 within the framework of the program "European Green Deal", to significantly accelerate energy transformations.

The purpose of the study is to justify and develop practical recommendations for reforming the energy market in Ukraine.

Methods of research: statistical analysis – for comparative analysis and determination of dynamics of production and consumption of basic energy resources; system analysis – to substantiate and develop a model of configuration regulation / reform of the energy market.

Results: The dynamics of primary energy consumption are analyzed: coal, crude oil and petroleum products, natural gas, electricity / hydropower, nuclear, wind, solar, bio, heat. A systematic analysis of energy supply was carried out, optimistic, realistic and pessimistic forecasts of Ukraine's fuel and energy balance until 2035 were constructed. Developed and proposed to use a configuration regulation / reform model to implement energy market reform.

Conclusions: implementation of the model of configuration regulation / reformation of the energy market will allow to implement measures for rational use of energy resources, to reduce the energy intensity of the gross domestic product. The formation of effective tools for reforming the energy market will allow to implement the main principles of the Concept of "green" energy transition of Ukraine to 2050.


Keywords


energy market; energy consumption; model of configuration regulation / reform of the energy market

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.30857/2415-3206.2019.2.9

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