PROSPECTIVE DIRECTIONS OF CHANGES IN THE FINANCIAL REPORTING OF ENTERPRISES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE GLOBALIZATION OF THE WORLD ECONOMY
Keywords:accounting, financial reporting, International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)
Statement of the problem and tasks. Ukraine is a country with transitive economy characterized by creation and development of market institutions aimed at privatization of state property, deregulation and liberalization of economic relations. Transformation of economy of Ukraine requires from enterprises the application of management concepts, focused on the new conditions of economic management – uncertainty and crisis nature of market environment. The effectiveness of the implementation of new principles of management depends on the completeness and reliability of the information and analytical support of management decisions.
Methods. The study used: a dialectical method, system analysis – for detailing and decomposition of the object of research into separate important constituent elements; synthesis – to summarize the various aspects of the financial statements of the enterprise.
Results. The technical issues of accounting were investigated: the key differences in approaches to enterprise accounting between the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US GAAP) and the Regulations (Standards) of Accounting (NARS) were determined; the impact of the identified differences on the data processing in the accounting systems was assessed. It is determined that governmental accounting rules in the United States are governed by its generally accepted GAAP accounting principles. It has been proven that conceptually, IFRS, which is used by states around the world, is more "principled" than GAAP, making it somewhat less complex and consistent, offering fewer exceptions and unique applications.
Conclusions. The current trend in financial reporting is to produce integrated reports that combine financial and non-financial information. However, not all companies find it necessary to disclose more information than the amount required of them by regulators. Therefore, there is a need to standardize not only financial information, but also non-financial indicators and the very structure of an integrated report.